Space and distance, time, speed and velocity, acceleration. 1D and 2D kinematics. Ballistic trajectory. Forces. Newton’ laws. Gravitational force. Inclined plane. Friction. Energy. Kinetics Energy. Potential energy. Work. Energy conservation.
Pressure. Pascal’s principle. Stevin’ law. Archimedes’ principle. Portata. Flux: ideal and real cases. reale. Bernoulli’s equation. Venturi effect. Examples.
Temperature and temperature scales. Heat and energy transfer mechanisms. Calorimetry. Thermal expansion. Ideal gas. Equation of state of ideal gas. Thermodinamic processes. First law of thermodinamics. Second law of thermodinamics. Carnot engine. Entropy.
Electric charge. Coulomb’s law. Examples. Comparison with the gravitation force. Charge distributions.
5. Electric current
Definition. Ohm’ laws. Resistivity and Resistance.
Wave-light behaviors of light and geometrical optics. Index of refraction. Reflection and refraction. Snell’s law. Total reflection. Examples.