Lectures (45 hours)
Forestry buildings. Elements of building science. Principles of static: loads, Hooke's law, constraints, static moment and moment of inertia, section modulus, bending moment, shear stress. Building techniques and materials. Isostatic beams. Main materials for buildings. Livestock buildings design methodology. Distributive-functional and dimensional phase. Project completion phase. Farm center and individual specialized buildings organization. Main operations and related services: feeding, manure collection and removal, and possible milking. Farming techniques and building types regarding cattle and sheep breeding. Tethering of animals, free stall, permanent bedding, single and multiple boxes, and cubicle feeding. Building elements for animal shelter. The animals' resting, feeding, and exercise area. Service and special units.
Building elements for management tasks. Feeding. Buildings and facilities for food storage to livestock use. Equipment to transport and distribute foods. Devices for feeding. The manger. The racks.
Manure: cleaning, collection, and removal. Continuous and discontinuous floors. Tools to collect and remove the manure. Manure scrapers and collection manifold.
Milking. The different types of milking parlors. Waiting area. Milk room. Rooms and services.
Topography and cartography . Principles of trigonometry: unit circle trigonometry and basic trigonometric functions (sine, cosine, tangent, and cotangent). Main theorems. Overview on Earth's shape, field surveying, and errors in topographic measurements. Instruments for topographic surveys: telescope, level, tacheometer theodolite. Surveying: alignments, direct and indirect distance measurement, azimuth and zenith angles measurement, difference in height and spot elevation. Leveling: from a point, reciprocal, from the middle, composed, and tacheometer leveling. Surface surveying: measurement and calculation of areas with numerical (triangles and quadrilaterals area, Gauss’ shoelace formula, graphical, graphical-numerical, mechanical and planimeter. Division of terrains with same and different value: graphical and numerical methods. Boundaries correction and shifting. Planimetric surveys: surveys of small terrains, open and closed traverse, control procedures and tolerances. Cartography: overview on cartographic representation. Italian cartography and kilometric and geographic grid. Italian Military Geography Institute (Italian acronym IGM) cartography: maps of the national territory on the scale of 1:25,000, 1:50,000 and 1:100,000, mapping, and symbolism chart. Regional Technical Map (Italian acronym CTR), cadastral map, and municipal master plan (Italian acronym PUC). Overview on leveling and road design.
Laboratory (19 hours)
Solve trigonometry problems and topography exercises. Learning about surveying instruments and IGM maps. Beam calculation (simple beam, beam with overhang, and cantilever beam). Building types graphic design regarding dairy cattle and beef cattle fattening, dairy sheep and sheep fattening, and buildings for milking cattle and sheep.