Natural and agricultural ecosystems: components, objectives of agroecosystems, productions, services, social component of agroecosystems, approaches and analysis tools.
Biophysical and functional components of agroecosystems: biotic and abiotic factors, processes, energy and matter flows, trophic levels and food chains, energy and productivity, agronomic inputs and environmental impact, C, N e P cycles.
Agroecosystem design: diagnostic elements to set the potential outcomes from agronomic inputs.
Climatic and meteorological characterization of agroecosystems. Solar radiation, temperature, humidity, wind, precipitation, evapotranspiration. Concepts, climatic analysis, main effects of climatic factors on crop growth and development.
Soil characterization and diagnostics: soil texture, structure, bulk density, hydrological characteristics. Soil sampling and interpretation of soil analytical results.
Cropping systems: agro-technique (tillage, irrigation, fertilization, weed management), fundamentals of crop rotation and intercropping. Technical choices and implications on socio-agroecosystems.
Main world cropping systems and implications on global food security. Food sovereignty. Sustainable development goals. UN convention on sustainable development. Causes, mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Land degradation and desertification.