Definition, aims and methods of the Anatomy of domestic animals. Anatomical terms, general organization of the animal body. Concept of organ, system and apparatus. The musculoskeletal system: definition and general organization.
Osteology: general constitution of the skeleton. Limb skeleton and axial skeleton. General characteristics of the bones: shape, position and number. articular and non-articular bone eminences. articular and non-articular bone cavities. Holes and bony canals. Skull. Spine: general characteristics of the vertebrae and the specific characteristics of the various sections. Skeleton of the chest. Skeleton of the belts and of the thoracic and pelvic limbs. Recognition of the bones, of their position and the species it belongs to.
Arthrology: morphological and functional classification of joints. Movements. Joints snap. Joints of the head, spine, chest, belt and limbs.
Myology: general characteristics of the muscles: shape, number, position, insertions, functions and nomenclature. Tendons and fascia. Muscle annexes: contentive bands, serous bags, tendon sheaths and synovial tendon. Furriers and skeletal muscles. muscles of the head, back, neck, chest, diaphragm, muscles of the limbs, abdomen and tail. Muscles with respiratory function and antigravity. Of the main skeletal muscles it must be known the origin, termination, position and function.