- Atomic Structure and Stoichiometry
Atoms and Elements. Isotopes of an Element.The Atomic Weight Scale.
The concept of a Mole. Molecular Formulas.The Significance of Balanced Chemical Equations.
- Aggregation States of the Matter
Properties of Dilute Solutions. Concentration Units for Solutions. Dilution of Solutions. Colligative Properties.
- The Hydrogen Atom and Polyelectronic Atoms
The Emission Spectrum of Atomic Hydrogen. The Bohr Theory. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. Quantum Numbers. Polyelectronic Atoms. The Building-Up of the Periodic Table. Periodic Properties of the Elements. Periodic Table.
- The Nature of the Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding. Covalent Bonding. Valence Bond Theory. Lewis Structures. Valence-Shell Electron Pair Repulsion. Hybrid Atomic Orbitals. σ and π Molecular Orbitals. From Lewis Structures to Oxidation States of the Elements. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. The Oxidation State as a Periodic Property.
- Inorganic Chemistry
Nomenclature of Inorganic Compounds. Chemical Properties of the Elements and Periodic Tables. Hydrides. Oxides. Basic and Acidic Oxides. Acids, Bases and Periodic Table. Salts.
- Chemical Equilibrium
The Law of Chemical Equilibrium. Equilibria in Aqueous Solution. Acids, Bases and Salts. The Ion Product of Water, Kw. Arrhenius e Brønsted-Lowry Theory. The pH Scale. Strong Acids and Bases. Weak Acids and Bases, Ka, Kb. Polyprotic Acids. Acidic, Basic and Neutral Salts. Ampholytes. Buffer Solutions.
- Stoichiometric Calculations.