1. Knowledge and understanding: a) knowledge of the procedures for carrying out the clinical examination, both direct and by means of instruments, on small and large domestic animals affected by a surgical pathology, in order to be able to issue the diagnosis and prognosis and propose therapy with anesthesia and analgesia included (DOC 2.5); b) rational approach to both scientific and clinical reasoning, considering their respective strengths and limitations (DOC 2.1).
2. Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: a) ability to perform basic surgical techniques during soft tissue surgery such as dieresis, exeresis, hemostasis and synthesis; b) ability to choose, dose and administer the anesthetic and analgesic agent suitable for specific surgical procedures as well as for monitoring during anesthesia.
3. Critical and judgment skills: a) ability to objectively and specifically evaluate each clinical case, as an individual patient and different from any other; b) the ability to choose, within the different surgical options, the most appropriate ones, judiciously taking into consideration the degrees of operational difficulty, the necessary experiences, the professional and economic commitments involved (DOC 1.18); c) ability to objectively assess the state of the anesthetized patient and knowing the necessary actions to safeguard their safety; d) adaptation to incomplete information, face unexpected events and adapt to change (DOC 1.11).
4. Ability to communicate what has been learned: a) ability to express oneself with teachers and fellow students using scientifically appropriate terminology, referring to the clinical signs of pathology, the relative anatomical references, the names of surgical pathologies, the names of the relative surgical techniques and therapies and the tools that can be used, as well as the methods of anesthesia and monitoring necessary in the specific case, in small and large animals.
5. Ability to continue learning independently: a) ability to autonomously propose methods of in-depth study of the topics of surgical clinic, operative medicine and anesthesiology discussed; b) curiosity to know further methods of clinical and instrumental investigation of the patient affected by a pathology of surgical interest and of new possibilities of their treatment and anesthesia; c) interest in bibliographic research on topics selected from those covered in the course.
6. Exam methods: The final exam consists of a test on topics chosen from those covered during the course, in oral form so that the student has large opportunity to demonstrate, and the teachers have the same ability to evaluate, the degree of the skills and knowledge acquired, in order to make an overall assessment that tends to be as objective as possible. The oral exam takes place using the Microsoft Teams platform in the “Clinica Chirurgica” class of the integrated course of Clinical Surgery. During the exam, the student must: a) demonstrate knowledge of the subject of the exam; b) express themselves correctly and with an appropriate scientific language; c) be able to associate the knowledge acquired in the course with concepts of pertinence of related disciplines; d) knowing how to solve the questions posed by the teacher and knowing how to rationally follow a speech conducted by the teacher, on hypothetical but still possible and realistic operative situations, inherent to the surgical clinic, operative medicine and anesthesiology of the various organ systems of small and large animals.