The Laboratory of Anatomic Pathology: rules on collection, preservation and transport of samples; notions of traceability. Histopathological techniques: fixation, sampling, paraffin-embedding, cutting and staining. The histochemical stains and their applications. Intraoperative frozen section histopathology. Notions of cytopathology: methods of sampling, fixation, staining; liquid-based cytology. Ancillary methods applied to histopathology: immunohistochemical stains; in situ hybridization techniques. Notions on the technical and diagnostic aspects of clinical autopsy.
The collaboration between pathologists and clinicians in the multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Classification of tumors: concepts of grading and staging of malignancies.
CARDIAC PATHOLOGY: Myocarditis, endocarditis and pericarditis. Heart ischemic disease. Atherosclerotic Disease.
PULMONARY AND PLEURAL PATHOLOGY: Edema, embolism, and pulmonary infarction, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchiectasis. Pneumonia. Pulmonary tuberculosis. Pneumoconiosis. Pleuritis. Pulmonary Neoplasms. Mesothelioma.
ENDOCRINE PATHOLOGY: Hypothyroidism; hyperthyroidism; Thyroid goiter; Acute and chronic thyroiditis. Classification of thyroid neoplasms. Notes on Parathyroid Pathology. Multiple endocrine neoplasms.
MAMMARY PATHOLOGY: Inflammatory pathology; Fibrocystic mastopathy; Benign epithelial proliferative lesions and precursor lesions. Breast cancer: WHO classification, diagnosis, prognostic-predictive factors.
GASTROINTESTINAL PATHOLOGY: esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus. Gastritis. Epithelial and non-epithelial gastric neoplasms. Malabsorption syndromes and celiac disease. Inflammatory bowel disease. Colon polyps. Colon carcinoma.
LIVER AND PANCREATIC PATHOLOGY: Viral hepatitis. Cirrhosis. Liver injury from drugs. Jaundice. Hepatic failure. Hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. Acute and chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatic cystic lesions. Pancreatic carcinoma. Classification of neuroendocrine tumors.
UROGENITAL PATHOLOGY: glomerular diseases; tubulopathies; pyelonephritis; Cystitis, prostate hypertrophy. Kidney, bladder and prostate tumors.
FEMALE GENITAL PATHOLOGY: ovarian and uterine neoplasms.
HEMATOPATHOLOGY: lymphadenitis; Non-Hodgkin lymphomas and Hodgkin's disease; Plasmacells neoplasms; leukemia; Myeloproliferative lesions.
NERVOUS SYSTEM PATHOLOGY: vascular diseases; CNS inflammatory and degenerative diseases; The main CNS primitive neoplasms.
SKIN PATHOLOGY: Histopathologic classification of melanocytic and non-melanocytic skin tumors.
Intraepithelial squamous lesions and squamous carcinoma of the Head and Neck region: classificative, diagnostic and prognostic criteria. TNM Staging.
ORAL CAVITY PATHOLOGY: Infections; Inflammatory-reactive lesions; Oral manifestations of systemic pathologies; Benign lesions; Cancerous and precancerous oral lesions; Diseases of the teeth and supporting structures; Cysts and odontogenic tumors: WHO classification (2017).
UPPER AIRWAYS PATHOLOGY: inflammatory diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses, and nasopharynx; Polyps; Nasal papillomas. Neoplasms of nasal and paranasal cavities. Inflammatory pathology of the larynx; Benign lesions; Benign laryngeal tumors. Malignant laryngeal tumors: Laryngeal Carcinoma: Classification, Diagnostic Criteria and TNM Staging.
SALIVARY GLAND PATHOLOGY: Heterotopia; Sialolithiasis; Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. Benign and malignant neoplasms of the salivary glands.