BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS: osmosis; water balance; thirst center; Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium.
RENAL SYSTEM: Urine formation and concentration; renin and erythropoietin.
NERVOUS SYSTEM: excitability; physiology of neuron; action potentials; synaptic transmission; sensory receptors.
MUSCLE: molecular and mechanical aspects of muscle contraction.
BLOOD: plasma, blood cells, hemostasis and fibrinolysis.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: function; myocardial cells; heart cycle and sounds; Frank-Starling, ECG; cardiac innervation.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: air environments; respiratory mechanics, lung compliance, volumes and capacities; regulation of breathing; hypoxia.
ENDOCRINOLOGY: chemical messengers; notes on chemistry, mechanism of action and function of hormons.