Aminoacid catabolism: metabolic fates of amino groups. Nitrogen excretion and the urea cycle. Lipid anabolism: Biosynthesis of fatty acids. Biosynthesis of triacylglycerols. Biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids. the triacylglycerol cycle. Glyceroneogenesis. Biosynthesis of cholesterol.
Tissue-specific metabolism: the division of labor. Hormonal regulation and integration of mammalian metabolism: hormonal regulation of fuel metabolism. Interrelationships and metabolic adaptations in the major physiological states (feeding, fasting, exercise muscle). Metabolic disorders: type 1 diabetes. Obesity and the regulation of body mass. General Features of Signal transduction. Sensory transduction in vision, olfaction, and gustation. Molecular analysis in the diagnosis and study of some genetic diseases. Laboratory activities: from DNA extraction to the realization of the nucleotide sequence.