Towards the end of the 20th century, the structural and large-scale transformation of the industrial economy triggered-off urban changes, which rapidly involved almost all advanced cities over the last 30 years. These changes ushered in regeneration policies and comprehensive urban marketing strategies aimed at improving cities' competitiveness in terms of investments, flows of people, creativity related to new professionalisms and services, and the rediscovering of local traditions. At the same time, these changes challenged the idea of the city as a common good, starting with its public spaces.
In the light of these changes, what features should the cities of the 21st century have to compete at more advanced levels in terms of innovation, creativity, social cohesion, environmental sustainability and different use of public spaces and common goods?
On the one hand, a discussion on the complex topic of urban sustainability is necessary, by taking into account the Green Cities that have long been pursuing sustainable goals through the adoption of virtuous urban policies. On the other hand, it is necessary to focus the attention on the critical issues that may hinder the discussion regarding the political choices in the economic, social and environmental spheres.
In order to study these changes, the course will be organised around the following topics:
1. transition from modern to post-modern city;
2. the role of planning and architecture;
3. meanings of public space and public city.
4. Green Cities and urban sustainability: some examples of urban and territorial policies
During lessons, a seminar on Japanese cities by prof. Junji Tsuchiya (University of Waseda, Tokyo) is planned and will focus on:
- Historical, cultural, political, economical postmodernity in the urban environment;
- Techno-culturalism and the functionality of the social environment;
- Fragility and risk of cities in the complex society: prevention policies against calamities, crime an urban security.