General properties of bacteria: cell structure/function, cell membranes and cell walls, surface structures and inclusions, flagella and Motility. Chromosomes and other genetic elements. Nutrition, Growth, laboratory culture and metabolism of Microorganisms. Bacterial genetics. Pathogenesis of bacterial infections. and Host responses. Microbial growth control.
General properties of viruses: definition, classification, structure. Virus-host interactions: replication, latency and persistence. Viral oncogenesis. Viral genetics, referring to variants and pharmaco-resistance. Pathogenesis of viral infections. Control of virus infections: active and passive prophylaxis; therapy , antiviral drugs. Basic viral diagnostics.Microbial inactivation: sterilization, disinfection, asepsis. Viral hepatitis. Sexually Transmitted infections: AIDS