General properties of bacteria: cell structure/function, cell membranes and cell walls, surface structures and inclusions, flagella and Motility. Chromosomes and other genetic elements. Nutrition, Growth, laboratory culture and metabolism of Microorganisms. Bacterial genetics: mutations, recombination and horizontal gene transfer. Pathogenesis of bacterial infections and Host responses. Microbial growth control. Chemotherapy: antibiotics and antibiotic resistance.
General properties of viruses: definition, classification, structure. Virus-host interactions: replication, latency and persistence. Viral oncogenesis. Viral genetics, referring to variants and pharmaco-resistance. Pathogenesis of viral infections. Control of virus infections: active and passive prophylaxis; therapy , antiviral drugs. Basic viral diagnostics.
Microbial inactivation: sterilization, disinfection, asepsis
General characteristics of Fungi