The course proposes a planning reflection on the theme of the patio, as the space organizer of the built space and together the time of "utilitas" or "commoditas" of vitruvian memory, for the realization of a domestic environment , welcoming and architecturally fulfilled.
The "sustainability" investigated through one of the "elements" (to say it with Ren Koolhaas) that characterized architecture in history, modernity and contemporaneity, also in relation to the development of the type of house, home to court In Roman culture and contemporaneity), in the townhouse (in the middle ages and in recent or recent experiences), the isolated house (which had its most significant expressions during the late Venetian Renaissance, and which is resurgent at the same time New spring).
In the story: investigating the urban events of Seville and the role played by them in the systematic aggregation of the introverted house, closed to the outside and open to the interior space, a real empty space, intentionally designed to ''live'' the environments of the House. It was also a ''mechanical'' supporter that allowed natural lighting and air exchange, and therefore cooling, also favored by the presence of an internal fountain that, with its current water, always restored a perceptible sense of well-being.
In modern times, through a rational study of master projects: the well-known home projects at court in Mies van de Rohe, projects for Pessac by Le Corbusier and its alveoles houses, Alvar Aalto''s holiday home in Finland , The Tuscolano district of Adalberto Libera in Rome and the horizontal city of Giuseppe Pagano and others in Milan, codification of the type in the manual of Diotallevi and Marescotti, published in the second post-war period.
With regard to the contemporary, through a reasoned analysis of the houses at Fredensborg by John Utzon, the experience of Ren Koolhaas in Fukuoka, Alvaro Siza at Quinta de Malagueira in Évora, Eduardo Souto de Moura at Matosinhos, Alberto Campo Baeza and his investigation On the patio houses, with the remarkable experiences of Gaspar and Guerrero house, Goncalo Byrne ...
There will be no reflection on some significant episodes of tradition in Sardinia, the court house of Campidano di Cagliari, the patio house of the first settlement of Villasimius until the use of the patio type, understood as characteristic of an acclaimed and desired ''Mediterranean''architecture, as a type of tourist resorts in the Costa Smeralda, in years not far away from us.
The aim of all these surveys will be the drafting of a project for the city of Seville, a neighborhood of ''social housing'' which, treasured of the necessary qualities that technology can give us in terms of living comfort, investigate the theme of space relations Interiors / exteriors, full / empty, built / free, private space / public space, home / social space.
The course experience will be enriched by a week-long visit to the city of Seville, aimed at studying the city and identifying the area of intervention, predictably in the free areas between the city''s historic center and its immediate peripheries, To be held together with all the students of the course and the students of the international course of Lisbon in Portugal and Alcala de Henares near Madrid, which the Department of Architecture of Alghero has activated since this academic year.