Landscape concept evolution, interaction between the different components of the landscape, different approaches to the knowledge of the landscape, the landscape as a component of the cultural heritage, the symbolic significance of the landscape. Relationships between the physical landscape and the cultural heritage. The main lithological domains of Sardinia, the granitic landscape, the karst landscape. Paleoclimatic evidences in the geological studies. Examining the landscapes from images, students suggestions. Interpretation of the topographic maps.