Lectures (42 hours)
General Pharmacology: definitions and efinition and branches of Pharmacology. Origin and nature of drugs. Pharmaceutical formulations. Routes of administration. Pharmacokinetics: absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion. Drug-protein binding. Principles of pharmacokinetics. Pharmacodynamics: receptor-mediated actions (transduction mechanisms, regulators of the receptor-translation system, drug-receptor interactions) and actions not mediated by receptors. Nature of the pharmacological action and factors able to modify its action. Changes in sensitivity to drugs.
Special Pharmacology: physiopharmacological bases. Neurotransmission drugs. Pharmacology of the autonomic nervous system. Central Nervous System drugs: anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, antiepileptics, opioid analgesics, neuroleptics and analectics. Pharmacology of autacoids: histamine and antihistamine drugs; Steroid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Cardiovascular system pharmacology. Renal Pharmacology. Respiratory System Pharmacology. Pharmacology of the gastrointestinal system.
Practical training (18 hours)
Practical training sessions are carried out in groups of 3; each group consists of a number of 10-12 students to better guarantee the quality of teaching.
Topics are established before the start of the course.
- Calculation of dosage of pharmaceutical formulations. Calculation of the dilutions of pharmaceutical formulations. Galenic preparations for veterinary use. Use of the veterinary drug manual for the prescription of drugs. Experimental animal models (animal housing for experimental use). Enzymatic assays. Veterinary didactic hospital (importance of dosage and therapeutic response to the administration of drugs with evaluation of clinical modifications, electronic prescription).