The course presents theoretical foundations of evaluation, as well as several evaluation methods and tools for decision aiding in the field of urban, territorial and environmental planning.
The course is organised in two parts.
The first part will present some of the most relevant approaches and theories of justice, building understanding of connections with territorial planning, and with problems of evaluation of plans, projects and public policies.
Introduction, discussion and comparison, also with reference to paradigmatic examples, of the main arguments and theories of justice at the foundation of evaluative approaches in planning and territorial public policy. By way of presentation of the thought of some of their most representative exponents, the following conceptions of justice will be discussed: utilitarianism, categorical/deontological approaches, teological reasoning, libertarianism, communitarianism, capability approach
This first part of the course aims in particular to develop an understanding and connection with the foundational options implicit or explicit in various approaches to evaluation of plans, projects and urban and territorial public policies.
The second part will introduce formal aspects of decision theory, as well as several among the most widely used approaches and evaluation tools.
In particular, attention will be put on evaluation models and tools for decision aiding for urban and territorial projects, plans and policies. The topics treated will be:
• decision and decision aiding
• problem structuring (actions, actors, alternatives, evaluation criteria, measurement, preferences);
• evaluation models: comparative and absolute evalaution, multi-criteria analysis, rating and ranking problems;
• economic evaluation of plans and projects, cost-benefit analysis;
• risk and uncertainty;
• problems of collective decision.