Introduction to the Inorganic Chemistry: matter, elements, compounds, formulas, phases, mixtures. The Periodic Table: groups and periods.
The atomic theory: Atom – electron, proton, neutron. Nucleus. Atomic number. Mass number. Isotopes. Atomic Mass Unit. Molecular Mass. Avogadro’s number. Mole and Molar Mass.
The periodic table: Electronic Structure of the Elements. Atomic Theories. Schroedinger’s atom: quantic numbers, atomic orbitals. Orbital Filling: Aufbau, Hund’s and Pauli’s Rules. Electronic configuration. The periodic system: blocks in the periodic table, inner and outer electrons, periodic properties. Oxidation number. Lewis’ Theory. Chemical bond: molecular geometry, VSEPR and VB theories.
Nomenclature of Inorganic compounds. Chemical reactions. Chemical equilibrium.
Balancing simple chemical equations and redox reactions. Ionic dissociation. Strong and weak electrolytes. Phase transitions. Gas phase: state functions and gas laws. Chemical bond and intermolecular forces. Hydrogen bond. Solution: concentration measurements, dilutions, colligative properties. Acids and bases: Arrhenius, Brønsted-Lowry, Lewis’ theories. Strength of an acid or a base. Acid-base equilibria. Water ionic product. pKa, pKb, pH. pH of strong/weak acids/bases. Buffer solutions.
Introduction to the Organic Chemistry: hydrocarbons, alcohols, carbonyl and carboxylic compounds, amines, amino acids, sugars, proteins, carbohydrates, dna. Nomenclature and reactivity principles.