1. General arboriculture, forest and fruit tree systems ecology panorama
1.1 The tree. Botanical classifications. Morphological and functional characteristics. Tree growth and development mechanisms, life cycle and phenology.
1.2 Elements of climatology, main climatic and meteorological variables. Macroclimate, mesoclimate and microclimate. Climate classification of fruit trees.
1.3. Internal and external morphology. Fruit development and metabolism. Endogenous and exogenous factors.
1.4. Floral biology in main fruit trees. Differentiation of flower buds. Floral incompatibility and self-fertility. Pollination, fertilization, parthenocarpy and fruit set.
2. Propagation and breeding techniques and orchard planting
2.1 Seed and agamic propagation. Rootstocks and agronomic quality of the plant material.
2.2 Fruit tree breeding. Methods and perspectives.
2.3. Orchard planting. Choices and design. Suitability and zonation. Site selection and preparation, tillage, planting and transplanting. Plant first care operations.
3. Orchard cultivation techniques
3.1 Basic concepts on soil pedology and soil fertility. Agricultural soil analysis, soil conservation and improvement techniques. Soil fatigue.
3.2 Soil management. Tillage, mulching and cover cropping.
3.3 Mineral and organic nutrition.
3.4 Irrigation management. The soil water balance. Estimation and evaluation of plant water requirements. Irrigation systems and scheduling. Water resources management and impacts of irrigation on plant growth and yield balance.
4. Pruning, training and green pruning
4.1 Physiological basis of wood species pruning.
4.2 training and pruning systems.
4.3 Canopy management and green pruning.
5. Control of fruiting, thinning and bioregulators
5.1 Plant growth regulators. Plant hormones.
5.2 Use of bioregulators. Thinning systems.
6. Ripening physiology, harvest and post-harvest
6.1 Ripening metabolism and production objectives.
6.2 Maturity ratios and post-harvest losses.
6.3 Fruit composition and nutraceutical value.
6.4 Post-harvest and conservation.
7. Overview of fruit growing in Sardinia, Italy and worldwide
7.6 Pome fruits
7.7 Stone fruits