Modern nutritional models for ruminants (1.0 CFU)
Differences between small and large ruminants
The CNCPS model: chemical evaluation of feedstuffs, prediction of nutrient supply, rumen fermentations, degradation and passage rate, microbial synthesis, intestinal digestibility, particle size of the diet.
Diet formulation in ruminants (1.0 CFU)
Diet formulation techniques.
Nutritional indicators: milk urea, BCS, fecal score, milk composition.
Nutritional disorders: acidosis, ketosis, ipocalcemia, protein excess
Fasi e tecniche di alimentazione e di razionamento alimentare dei ruminanti (2 CFU)
Nutrition and diet formulation during their various stages of the production cycle: dry period, pregnancy, lactation.
Nutrition and diet formulation of the replacements and during the growth stage
Preparation of total mixed rations and control of the humidity and of the physical characteristics of the diets
Feeding techniques to reduce the effects of heat stress during summer.
Prediction of intake on pasture-fed animals. Factors affecting the substitution rate of supplements fed to grazing animals Economical evaluation of the diets. Feeding costs of feedstuffs and of the individual nutrients.
PRACTICES (2.0 CFU):
Diet formulation in cattle, sheep, and goats by using the software CNCPS e SRNS.
Field assessment of the BCS of the animal, of the characteristics of their feces, and of the particles size of the diets.