Natural and agricultural ecosystems: components, objectives of agroecosystems, productions, ecosystem services, social component of agroecosystems, approaches and analytical tools.
Biophysical and functional components of agroecosystems: biotic and abiotic factors, processes, energy and matter flows, trophic levels and food chains, energy and productivity, agronomic inputs and environmental impact, C, N e P cycles.
Main world cropping systems and implications on global food security. Food sovereignty. Sustainable development goals. UN convention on sustainable development. Causes, mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Land degradation and desertification.