PRELIMINARY ASPECTS: economic and ecological importance of honeybees and beekeeping.
Role of bees in pollination of plants; pollination services.
THE HONEYBEES: honeybee races of economic interest; biology, form and function of honey bee,
HONEY BEE PATHOLOGY: natural mechanisms of honeybees defense; colony collapse disorder (CCD) and other mortality factors caused by environmental pollution; main honeybee pathogens, parasites and predators; sanitary hive management and implications on the quality of hive products.
NECTAR SOURCES AND HONEYS: Flora of beekeeping interest and melliferous potential; biological aspects of honey elaboration; composition and characteristics of honey (melissopalinological, organoleptic and physico-‐chemical); main monofloral and polyfloral honeys from Sardinia
OTHER HIVE PRODUCTIONS: royal jelley, propolis, pollen, wax and venom.