Lectures: Basic concepts on etiology, epidemiology, immunology, diagnosis, prophylaxis and control of infectious diseases especially for those of viral origin or from unconventional agents (DOC 2.5). Throughout the course special reference will be made to the principles and biosecurity measures for the protection of farms as well as individual and personnel (DOC 1.28). In addition, the main rules laid down in national and international legislation and the principles of disease prevention and animal welfare will be analysed (DOC 1.1, 1.3., 2.7, 2.9)
In this perspective, also taking into account the limited number of available ECTS credits, only some selected diseases will therefore be treated, considered relevant from the point of view of socio-economic impact and/or for their peculiar epidemiological, ecopathological, zoonosic or emerging features (DOC 2.5., 2.6) and that show epidemiological, pathogenic, clinical scenarios differentiated and as representative as possible of the diverse and complex world of viral diseases. Some of the listed diseases will not be requested during the exam. In any case, it is advisable to have at least a general knowledge of them (in italics underlined).
Poxviridae: Sheep pox and goat pox, contagious ecthyma, Lumpy skin disease, mixomatosis
Herpesviridae: IBR, Aujeszky’s disease, febbre catarrale maligna, mammillite erpetica del bovino.
Parvoviridae: parvovirosi del suino
Asfarviridae: peste suina africana.
Coronaviridae: gastroenterite trasmissibile del suino, variante respiratoria
Paramyxoviridae: infezioni da virus parainfluenzale 3 del bovino, peste bovina, peste dei piccoli ruminanti, infezione da virus respiratorio sinciziale.
Rhabdoviridae: Rabbia, Stomatite vescicolare.
Bunyaviridae: Febbre della Valle del Rift
Orthomyxoviridae: influenza suina
Arteriviridae: Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome
Flaviviridae: Encefalite West Nile, Peste suina classica, Diarrea virale del bovino, Border disease.
Retroviridae: Maedi-Visna, artrite encefalite caprina, Adenomatosi polmonare della pecora, leucosi bovina enzootica, immunodeficienza bovina.
Reoviridae: Blue tongue, Peste equina, Malattia Emorragica del cervo, infezioni da rotavirus.
Picornaviridae: afta epizootica, malattia di Teschen, malattia vescicolare del suino, sindrome SMEDIA.
Caliciviridae: esantema vescicolare del suino, malattia emorragica del coniglio, sindrome della lepre bruna europea.
Agenti non convenzionali: le TSE
Practical activities: For the current year, practical activities will necessarily take place on Teams platform. Case reports will be presented together with how to carry out breeding visits. Biosecurity measures provided for both personal protection and prophylaxis purposes will be described and discussed (DOC 1.1, 1.3, 1.15, 1.24, 1.28, 1.36). It may also be proposed to examine iconographic material and video clips related to clinical and epidemiological situations related to the pathologies of the program. Part of the activity will be aimed at deepening some "real" cases to which students will have to propose adequate answers according to the principles of "problem solving" (DOC 1.36, 2.1, 2.9, 2.10, 2.12).