General biosecurity rules. Description of the necroscopic room and instrumentation. Corpse management. Definition of necroscopy. Cadaver phenomena and tanatology. Reporting and history. Age determination and nutrition status. External examination of the corpse. Examination of the skeletal system, muscle masses, joints, explorable lymph nodes. Positioning of the corpse: skinning and examination of the subcute. Techniques of opening and extracting organs abdominal cavity, pelvic cavity, thoracic cavity, cranial cavity and nasal cavities; extraction of the eye. Examination of the organs of the neck and the vertebral speco. Necroscopic examination of chickens. Autopsy for forensic purposes: terms and definitions. procedures for the execution of the autopsy for forensic purposes and regulatory references.
Special pathological anatomy: MALE GENITAL APPARATUS: congenital pathologies of the scrotum and vaginal; circulation and metabolic disorders of the testicle; testicular degeneration; orchitis, epidimites; testicular neoplasms; alteration of the glands attached to the genital apparatus; pathologies of the penis and foreskin. FEMALE GENITAL APPARATUS: alterations of the ovary; congenital diseases, phlogistic and neoplastic pathologies; pathologies of salpingi; changes in circulation and metabolic changes in the uterus; hydrometra and mucometra; endometritis, metritis and pyometer; pathologies of the cervix of the vagina and vulva; alterations of the Bartolini glands; pregnancy pathologies with particular reference to abortion URINARY APPARATUS: congenital pathologies, kidney circulation disorders, glomerulars and tubules, tubulo-interstitial, neoplastic, ureters, disorders of the circulation of the lower urinary tract, urolithiasis, cystititis, neoplasms. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM: diseases of hypothalamus and pituitary, parathyroid pathologies; thyroid diseases of gh. in the after-analysis; pathology of the endocrine pancreas. NERVOUS SYSTEM: hints of general neuropathology, changes in circulation and traumatic; degeneration (anoxy, malacia, etc.), bacterial, viral, parasitic and unconventional encephalitis; Neoplasms. BREAST SYSTEM: degenerative diseases; inflammatory processes; neoplastic lesions and parasitic lesions MUSCLE APPARATUS: metabolic and slaughter pathologies; malformations; alterations from chemical-physical causes; myopathies; neuro-muscular junction disorders; inflammatory diseases; neoplastic lesions; MUS SKELETON APPARATUS: metabolic pathologies, inflammatory degenerative diseases, neoplasms. SENSE ORGANS: eye and ear
Practical exercises in the microscope room: recognition and description of the basic histological aspects of the apparatuses treated in the part of Pathological Anatomy 2
Practical exercises in the necroscopy room execution of necroscopies of different animal species of clinical diagnostic cases, and possible cases of forensic veterinary medicine. The practice is exclusively performed by the student who will process the final report at the end. At the end of the necroscopy and the compilation of the report each student will explain their case to the other students