The course aims to provide students with knowledge on the elements of ecosystem ecology and of its application elements for plannning management of natural and man-made ecosystems. At the end of the course, the student will have knowledge for the understanding, in articulated and holistic terms, of the structure and functioning of specific ecosystems (knowledge and understanding). It will also understand the importance of defining the permissibility thresholds in relation to uses and, through the analysis and assessment of the complexity of the systems, the ability to evaluate the outcomes of different management approaches and results forecasting (making judgments). He will be aware of the close link between ecosystem functions and socio-economic aspects. The analytical skills and the critical spirit will be developed through the analysis of case studies, retracing and re-elaborating concrete experiences (applying knowledge and understanding). It will develop the ability to communicate and cooperate, carrying out activities in working groups (communication skills).