Evolution concepts applied to the conservation of wildlife. Conservation: definitions, historical notes, approach used. Biodiversity: definitions and measurements. Definitions of spatial metrics: distribution, migration, endemism. The concept of mass extinction. The processes of extinction. Main threats to biodiversity: habitat fragmentation and loss, exploitation of animal populations, pollution, introduction of exotic species, global warming. Introductions, reintroduction and restocking. Protected areas: establishment and management. Conventions and laws on animal conservation and management. Principles of wildlife management.