Course notes and readings will be provided time to time for attending students. Non-attending students must study AA.VV., "Capire gli stermini. Per una didattica della Shoah", Centro Stampa Giunta Regione Toscana, Firenze 2010, pp. 1-200, which is available for free at the following link https://www.regione.toscana.it/documents/10180/23918/Capire+gli+stermini...). Additionally, non-attending students are required to read H. ARENDT, Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil (any edition in any language).