The Laboratory of Anatomic Pathology: collection and preservation of samples; notions of traceability. Histopathological techniques: fixation, sampling, paraffin-embedding, cutting and staining. The histochemical stains and their applications. Intraoperative frozen section histopathology. Notions of cytopathology. Ancillary methods applied to histopathology: immunohistochemical stains; in situ hybridization techniques. Notions on clinical autopsy.
The collaboration between pathologists and clinicians in the multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Classification of tumors: concepts of grading and staging of malignancies.
CARDIAC PATHOLOGY: Myocarditis, endocarditis and pericarditis. Heart ischemic disease. Atherosclerotic Disease.
PULMONARY AND PLEURAL PATHOLOGY: Edema, embolism, and pulmonary infarction, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchiectasis. Pneumonia. Pulmonary tuberculosis. Pneumoconiosis. Pleuritis. Pulmonary Neoplasms. Mesothelioma.
ENDOCRINE PATHOLOGY: Hypothyroidism; hyperthyroidism; Thyroid goiter; Acute and chronic thyroiditis. Classification of thyroid neoplasms. Notes on Parathyroid Pathology. Multiple endocrine neoplasms.
MAMMARY PATHOLOGY: Inflammatory pathology; Fibrocystic mastopathy; Benign epithelial proliferative lesions and precursor lesions. Breast cancer: WHO classification, diagnosis, prognostic-predictive factors.
GASTROINTESTINAL PATHOLOGY: esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus. Gastritis. Epithelial and non-epithelial gastric neoplasms. Malabsorption syndromes and celiac disease. Inflammatory bowel disease. Colon polyps. Colon carcinoma.
LIVER AND PANCREATIC PATHOLOGY: Viral hepatitis. Cirrhosis. Liver injury from drugs. Jaundice. Hepatic failure. Hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. Acute and chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatic cystic lesions. Pancreatic carcinoma. Classification of neuroendocrine tumors.
UROGENITAL PATHOLOGY: glomerular diseases; tubulopathies; pyelonephritis; Cystitis, prostate hypertrophy. Kidney, bladder and prostate tumors.
FEMALE GENITAL PATHOLOGY: ovarian and uterine neoplasms.
HEMATOPATHOLOGY: lymphadenitis; Non-Hodgkin lymphomas and Hodgkin's disease; Plasmacells neoplasms; leukemia; Myeloproliferative lesions.
NERVOUS SYSTEM PATHOLOGY: vascular diseases; CNS inflammatory and degenerative diseases; The main CNS primitive neoplasms.
SKIN PATHOLOGY: Histopathologic classification of melanocytic and non-melanocytic skin tumors.
Intraepithelial squamous lesions and squamous carcinoma of the Head and Neck region: classificative, diagnostic and prognostic criteria. TNM Staging.
ORAL CAVITY PATHOLOGY: Infections; Inflammatory-reactive lesions; Oral manifestations of systemic pathologies; Benign lesions; Cancerous and precancerous oral lesions; Diseases of the teeth and supporting structures; Cysts and odontogenic tumors: WHO classification (2017).
UPPER AIRWAYS PATHOLOGY: inflammatory diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses, and nasopharynx; Polyps; Nasal papillomas. Neoplasms of nasal and paranasal cavities. Inflammatory pathology of the larynx; Benign lesions; Benign laryngeal tumors. Malignant laryngeal tumors: Laryngeal Carcinoma: Classification, Diagnostic Criteria and TNM Staging.
SALIVARY GLAND PATHOLOGY: Heterotopia; Sialolithiasis; Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. Benign and malignant neoplasms of the salivary glands.