Introduction to Physiology: general physiology of cell and membranes.
Physiology of excitable cells: membrane potential and action potential. Synapse. Skeletal muscle. Smooth Muscle.
Blood: functions and composition. Plasma and blood cells. Hemostasis and coagulation. Blood group.
Cardiovascular system: cardiac muscle, electrocardiogram, cardiac cycle, intrinsic and extrinsic regulation of heart activity, blood pressure, heart output, venous return, district circulations.
Endocrine system: hypothalamic – pituitary axis. Thyroid. Endocrine pancreas. Hormones that regulate calcium levels. Gonads.
Thermoregulation. Nutrition physiology.