Minerals and rocks:
Main physical and chemical characteristics of minerals. The rocks: classification of igneous and sedimentary rocks. Reading of a geological map.
Factors of pedogenesis with particular reference to the pedogenetic processes typical of the Mediterranean environment.
The soil horizons. Symbols of the horizons and their meaning. Surface and depth diagnostic horizons present in Sardinia.
The USDA Soil Taxonomy. Classification levels and designations for horizons and layers
The Word Reference Base (WRB) The classification levels and designations for horizons and layers.
Soil water and termic regimes:
The ground water ratios. Field capacity and wilting point. The soil moisture regimes and their significance for water management in agriculture and forestry.
Soil temperature regimes in Sardinia
Elements of Cartography:
IGM cartography. The concept of scale. The legend of the IGM cartography. The regional CTR cartography. The UTM system. Use of GPS