Introduction to Physiology: general physiology of cell and membranes.
Physiology of excitable cells: membrane potential and action potential. Synapse. Skeletal muscle. Smooth Muscle.
Blood: functions and composition. Plasma and blood cells. Hemostasis and coagulation. Blood group.
Cardiovascular system: cardiac muscle, electrocardiogram, cardiac cycle, intrinsic and extrinsic regulation of heart activity, blood pressure, heart output, venous return, district circulations.
Respiratory system: generality, constituents, respiratory mechanics, alveolar-capillary barrier, gas exchange, volumes and capacity, spirometry.
Endocrine system: hypothalamic – pituitary axis. Thyroid. Endocrine pancreas. Hormones that regulate calcium levels. Gonads.
Thermoregulation. Nutrition physiology.
- Introduction to physical exercise (definitions and classifications)
- Basic exercise and sports physiology
- Metabolic pathways and energy sources
- Physiological aspects of aerobic and anaerobic exercise
- Global and local response to acute and chronic exercise
- Exercise is medicine
- Beneficial effects of exercise
- Adverse events of exercise