Introduction to cartography and Territorial Information Systems. The problem of representation of the earth's surface. Reference surfaces, coordinate systems, reference systems.
Transformation of reference surface - map plane (perspective projections, projections for development). Some important types of cartographic representations. The official cartography Italian. The cartography of the Military Geographic Institute (framing, cartographic system, basic elements, maps available at the various scales). Regional technical cartography. Cartographic data and digital models. Representation models for digital data: raster and vector format. Secondary data acquisition: digitization and scanning of existing cartography. The models digital terrain (definition, acquisition, processing and archiving of a DTM). Methods of interpolation by lines and surfaces (nearest neighbour, weighted average, polynomials, splines,). Standard for the quality of geodata and assessment of geodata quality. GIS and Internet. WebGIS, Geoportals and IDT for spatial information; interoperability of geodata (technological and semantic); standards for geographic information; Internet supported services for geodata and geographic applications.