Reproduction (The process of fructification and ripening of the seed: morphology, structure and recognition of seeds: the quality of the seed and the genetic, health and technical requirements, dormancy and the process of germination. Seed conservation systems and plant breeding techniques embryo culture).
Vegetative propagation (propagation by cuttings. Principles, histological and physiological aspects, techniques ) Rhizogenesis:
Hormones and rooting. Techniques of cuttings: micropropagation, propagation for rooted shoots, layering and offshoot, Grafting: histogenesis. Relations between and graft disaffinity, grafting and micro-grafting.The choice of rootstocks).
Nurseries (Site selection criteria, seedling systems and techniques, characteristics of substrates and containers, cultivation techniques in the nursery (irrigation, fertilization, pruning and weed control) and mechanization of operations ).
The nursery organization and regulatory aspects
Propagation techniques and production cycles of the main forest species of nursery interest. Technological innovations and abbreviation of production cycles. The quality of productions and regulatory aspects. The nursery certification.