Quantitative traits: The influence of environmental factors, the polygenic inheritance; the multifactorial hypothesis. Decomposition of phenotypic variance. Heritability. Responses to selection.
Population genetics: The concept of population. Gene frequencies and genotypic frequencies. The Hardy-Weinberg principle. Factors that disturb the equilibrium: mutation, migration, selection, fitness and the selection coefficient, genetic drift, non-random mating, inbreeding and its measure.
Reproductive systems and the genetic structure of a population in crop species.
Application of molecular methods to crop breeding.
Genetically modified plants (GMP).