The course will examine the phenomenon of international migration and mobility whether in the form of free movement by European Union citizens or from outside the European borders. In particular, in a political science perspective, the focus will be on the complex nature of the decision-making process of migration policies, on the controversial dynamics of different types of migration and mobility within the political-institutional European Union’s policy framework within which national policies of different States are located and public perception of policy failure in this field. On the other hand, from a regulatory perspective, the course will deepen the migration phenomenon under the dual aspect of forced and voluntary migration within the multi-level legal framework governing the rights of different types of migrants.
The course is divided into two modules.
The first module will focus on the study of migration and mobility policies, with particular reference to the European dimension. The program will therefore discuss migration policies related to work, study, and family. The program will also cover, in a political science perspective, the controversial and complex problem of public decision on irregular or illegal migration, the right of asylum and the right of citizenship. Finally, the attention will be focused on some national case studies (Italy, Germany, and France), with their different terms, definitions and concepts on migration; and on the regulation and policies of the above-mentioned States aimed at promoting or hindering the enjoyment of migrants’ rights.
The second module the course will examine the situation of a ‘stateless person’ and its impact upon rights. The program will discuss forced migration covering themes such as human trafficking, and refugee protection. The programme will cover International, European and Domestic dimension of migration, all influenced by the human rights’ perspective. From the international angle, the course will analyse the safety and security of refugees, refugee rights through the enhanced supervision, non-refoulement obligations in the public international law and the specific International laws appropriate for different categories of migrants (ex, ILO instruments for labour migrants). Some other issues such as responsibility and protection of Asylum Seekers, illegal migration: discrimination and protection will be discussed in light of International and European Regulation. Further, we will consider the EU migration, the position of Third Country Nationals, family re-unification and non-discrimination principle. Furthermore, the program will deal with protection of minorities, child migration the situation of unaccompanied children, coercive instruments towards migrants, detention, ‘Forced Return’, and other human rights implications.