The practical teaching for both modules of pathological anatomy 1 and of pathological histology and cytology was organized for 12/16 students per group (3 groups) in order to promote a comparison and an interactive discussion following the observation and evaluation of the aspects macroscopic and microscopic damage (histology and cytology) of organs and systems.
During the verification of the results, the student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding that allow him to recognize lesions in organs and systems, to be able to describe lesions with correct terminology and to formulate a list of possible differential diagnoses, integrating the knowledge provided during the preparatory exams to possibly suggest the ways in which to reach the definitive diagnosis.
The exam consists of an oral test aimed at verifying the adequate theoretical and practical preparation of the student in relation to the contents of the course. In particular, in the first phase of the exam, the student examines one or more pathological viscera/s or one or more photographic image/s that reproduces a lesion by recognizing the organ and the species it belongs to, identifying the lesion and describing it using an appropriate terminology through the standard international descriptive methodology presented during the course. The student was asked to formulate a list of differential diagnoses with the morphology of the lesion. During the exam, students will be asked to formulate cross-hypothetical-deductive reasoning with the knowledge acquired in the courses of previous years, oriented towards problem solving and the evaluation of theoretical knowledge.
A further practical test will be a question on the program carried out during the pathological histology and cytology module in reference to the observation, description and reporting of the preparations (at least 1 histological and 1 cytological), under the teacher's guidance under the microscope