The course in Geopolitics focuses on the relationships between States and on the government strategies used in the global competition for power. Starting from the geopolitical aspects of the geographical areas studied and from the main theoretical concepts of the subject, we will analyze the current international situation: we will study the ongoing conflicts, the constraints of USA supremacy; the role of the emerging states which are to form new strategic regions of power, the global war on terrorism.
• The geopolitical thinking - from classics to contemporaries: FredrichRatzel, Rudolf Kjellen, Paul Vidal de la Blache, Halford J. Mackinder, Karl Houshofer, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Nicholas J. Spykman, Giulio Douhet, Alexander P. de Seversky, Saul Bernard Cohen, Henry Kissinger, Francis Fukuyama, Samuel P. Huntington.
• The State: sovereignty - territory – population
- Modern State Theories
- The geographical-political organization
- The exercise of sovereignty and State failure
- Boundaries and Borders
- State and anti-State: Etnia, Clan and Tribe
- Centrifugal and centripetal forces
• Geopolitical powers and power analysis: hard power, soft power, smart power.
• Regional geopolitical analysis
• The post-Soviet space.
• War and strategy:
- The theoretical vision; from Sun Tzu to Clausewits;
- War scenarios
- Cyber War and geopolitics of security