Knowledge of microbiology, general pathology and epidemiology is considered indispensable, with particular regard to the etiological characteristics of microorganisms, the mechanisms of immune and pathological virulence as well as the main methods used in the diagnosis of infectious diseases. For these reasons, access to the course is reserved for students enrolled in the 3rd year and beyond.
For the assessment it will be possible to choose between a multiple choice written test, distributed immediately after the end of the lessons or, subsequently, an oral exam.
In the latter case, the acquired knowledge, clarity of presentation, connection skills, rigor and communication skills will be evaluated during the verification of the results. The student must have the ability to apply and integrate knowledge to solve problems related to pathologies and the ability to communicate and be able to clearly describe, to specialist and non-specialist interlocutors, the topics covered during the lessons;
At the end of the course, the student must demonstrate that:
- Have a clear knowledge of the definition of zoonoses and the practical implications deriving from the presence of these pathologies in the territory;
- Be able to perform a clinical and laboratory diagnosis of the pathologies treated in the course;
- Knowing how to undertake direct and indirect prevention and prophylaxis measures to be adopted on farms in the presence of zoonoses;
- Knowing how to collect information regarding the health and hygiene aspects of farms and the solutions to be adopted to solve any problems that may arise;
- Knowing how to evaluate the interconnection between animal and human health and the environment in the presence of zoonotic diseases and the effects on human health;
- Knowing how to collect, store and transport samples, select appropriate diagnostic tests, interpret and understand the limitations of test results;
- Clearly communicate and collaborate with referral and diagnostic services, also providing appropriate history;
- Correctly apply the principles of biosecurity in farms to prevent or contain zoonoses.
- Be aware of the risks in the management of zoonoses for biosecurity and national and international trade;
- Knowing the methods of intervention of the veterinarian, on the basis of the laws in force, in the presence or suspicion of zoonosis;
The aim of the course is to provide the fundamental concepts that characterize zoonoses. At the end of the course, the student will be in possession of the knowledge relating to the main transmission routes, the factors determining the onset and spread of zoonoses and the measures adopted at national and international level to contain diseases. The acquisition of the contents of this course represents for the student an important knowledge and additional skill for the future profession of veterinarian.
The course also allows the acquisition of the following day one competences:
- (1.10) Use professional skills to contribute to the advancement of veterinary knowledge and the One Health concept, in order to improve animal health and welfare, quality of animal care and veterinary public health;
- (1.15) Obtain an accurate and relevant medical history of the individual animal or group of animals and its environment;
- (1.21) Collect, store and transport samples, select appropriate diagnostic tests, interpret and understand the limitations of test results;
- (1.22) Clearly communicate and collaborate with referral and diagnostic services, also providing an appropriate chronology of events;
- (1.24) Recognize the signs of possible notifiable, reported and zoonotic diseases, and take appropriate action, including notification to competent authorities;
- (1.28) Apply the principles of biosecurity correctly;
- (1.33) Carry out a systematic macroscopic post mortem examination, record observations, sample tissues, store and transport them;
- (1.36) Provide advice and implement prevention and eradication programs appropriate to the species and in line with accepted standards of animal health, welfare and public health.
Lectures: 8 hours (remote in synchronous mode).
The lessons will describe the zoonoses in a generic way, emphasizing the methods of transmission, the factors that determine their onset and spread and the interventions adopted and proposed at national and international level for their containment. Specific insights will cover the following pathologies: Lyme disease, Campylobacteriosis, Colibacillosis and Listeriosis.
Presentations related to the topics covered in the lessons.
The lectures (8 hours of theory) will be held in synchronous remote mode.
The course is directed more towards practical aspects and logical deductive reasoning rather than mnemonic acquisition of notions. This will allow the student to evaluate the type of fight strategy to be undertaken following reasoning deriving from the knowledge of the pathogenetic and etio-epidemiological characteristics of the various pathologies, to apply the correct diagnostic methods, to know and use the tools necessary to manage an emergency zoonotic health care and to comply with the requirements in compliance with the rules set by the National Health System and the general rules set out in Europe.
Willingness to provide an online tutoring service. Students will be able to access through the use of the ESSE 3 platform to all presentations relating to the topics covered in the lessons.