Cell and membrane cell proprieties. Properties of excitable cells: resting potential, action potential and its conduction. Interaction between excitable tissues: synaptic transmission, neuromuscular transmission.
Muscle physiology: Muscle contraction. Muscle mechanics. Physiology of the heart and circulation: cardiac activity; electrical activity of the heart and its regulation; Cardiac cycle. Cardiac Range. Pulsatory Range. Factors affecting the range cardiac. Blood pressure regulation. Blood flow regulation. Peripheral circulation. Generalities and blood composition. Function of erythrocytes and lymphocytes. Physiological processes of hemostasis.
Gastrointestinal system physiology: Generalities and functions of the gastrointestinal system. Site control and hunger control. Motility and nervous control of the gastrointestinal system. Nervous control of defecation. Food digestion. Absorption of nutrients.
Endocrine system physiology: types of hormones; the receptors; endocrine function of hypothalamus, pituitary, neurohypophysis, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal gland, ovary, testis. Sex hormones, ovarian cycle and uterine cycle.
Kidney physiology: water compartments; structure and function of the nephron; ultrafiltration; functions and mechanisms of tubular transport; regulation of the volume and osmolarity of body fluids; regulation of acid-base balance; kidney function test.
Physiology of care: structure and function of the system apparatus; respiratory volumes and capacities; respiratory mechanics; gaseous exchanges at the alveolar and capillary level; transport of respiratory gases; nervous and chemical breath control.
Neurophysiology: Physiological basis of cellular excitability. Synaptic transmission in the central nervous system and the neuromuscular plate. Anatomo-functional organization of the nervous system. Nerve receptors and the mechanisms of receptor transduction. Somatic sensitivity and pain. Organization of the central pathways of somatic sensitivity . Notes on the anatomo-physiological organization of the nuclei of the Thalamus. Physiological organization of the somatic cortex. Notes on the visual pathways and on the central processes of vision. The perception of sounds. Physiological organization of the outer and middle ear. Physiology of the cochlea and mention of cochlear implants. The acoustic state nerve and the central auditory pathways. Nervous mechanisms involved in the localization of sounds. Physiological organization of the auditory cortex and hints of its projection towards multimodal associative areas. Language in the human species. Aphasias: clinical classification and neuroimaging studies. Notes on the physiology of the ear and on the physiological basis of the perception of sounds. Motor control. Spinal cord physiology. Stretch reflex and polysynaptic reflexes. Muscle tone, posture and supra-segmental control mechanisms. The vestibular system. Outline of eye movements. Notes on walking. Organization of the voluntary movement and functions of the motor and premotor areas. The circuits reentering to the cerebral cortex: Cerebellum and Nuclei of the base.
Neurophysiological basis of memory and emotions and learning.
Physiology of the trigeminal system and its interactions with the vestibular system. Kinesiology of the temporomandibular joint.