Introduction to Physiology: general physiology of cell and membranes.
Physiology of excitable cells: membrane potential and action potential. Synapse. Skeletal muscle. Smooth Muscle.
Blood: functions and composition. Plasma and blood cells. Hemostasis and coagulation. Blood group.
Cardiovascular system: cardiac muscle, electrocardiogram, cardiac cycle, intrinsic and extrinsic regulation of heart activity, blood pressure, heart output, venous return, district circulations.
Endocrine system: hypothalamic – pituitary axis. Thyroid. Endocrine pancreas. Hormones that regulate calcium levels. Gonads.
Thermoregulation. Nutrition physiology.
Introduction to physical exercise (definitions and classifications). Basic exercise and sports physiology. Metabolic pathways and energy sources. Physiological aspects of aerobic and anaerobic exercise. Global and local response to acute and chronic exercise. Exercise is medicine. Beneficial effects of exercise. Adverse events of exercise. Practice guidelines for the prescription of exercise: ACSM guidelines. Exercise for cardiovascular conditions. Exercise for overweight, obesity and Type-2 diabetes. Exercise for neurological conditions. Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET): execution and interpretation.
Basic concepts on biomedical instrumentation
Biomedical systems performance
Sensors for biomedical measurements
Amplifier, filters, a/d converters
Rigid body dynamics
Muscle force estimation, reaction forces.