THE BLOOD: characteristics, plasmatic protein, red blood cells. Emostasis, blood coagulation and platelets.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: function of the myocardium, cardiac cycle, electrocardiography, hemodynamic, blood pressure, trans-capillary exchanges, venous system, central control of circulation.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: respiratory mechanics, alveolar ventilation, control of respiration, transport of gas in the blood.
URINARY SYSTEM: glomerular filtration, tubular functions, clearances, concentration and dilution of the urine, acid-basic regulation.
REPRODUCTION: puberty, oestral cycle, follicle and corpora lutes growth and function, regulation of spermatogenesis, hormones actions and functions, fertilization, pregnancy.
Practical lessons: blood sampling and analysis, auscultation, collection and evaluation of gametes quality.
Introduction to ethology and study of animal behavior, the ethogram, direct and indirect observation. Imprinting innate mechanisms triggering, key stimuli. Learning, the mechanisms of learning, association, processes and types of learning, learning by trial and error, the reinforcement concept. Animal communication, the signal and its significance, the triad of communication: the sender, the receiver and the signal. Specific behaviors: Reproductive behavior, maternal behavior, social behavior and alimentary behavior. Animal WelfareEthological indicators of welfare in different domesticated species. Evaluation of atypia, behavioral related to animal suffering. The horse, bovine, ovine and caprine, pig, dog and cat behavior.
Direct observations of the animal's posture and center of gravity, how to approach the animal safely, restraint of the animal for biological retrieval, signaling territoriality and interaction of the maternal- filial relationship with parental care, response of females to the introduction of a male into the group, competition between males for mating in polygynous species.