(1) Knowledge and understanding:
By the end of the class the students will possess a broad spectrum of basic knowledge about the main open questions in philosophy of science and philosophy of biology, and a good capacity of understanding the debates around them.
(2) Applying knowledge and understanding:
The main goal of the class is to make the students able to use a basic mastery of philosophy of science and philosophy of biology for developing arguments for and against the many rival positions concerning specific issues in the fields.
(3) Making judgements:
By the end of the class the students will be able to develop new arguments within specific debates in philosophy of science and philosophy of biology, and to estimate the strength of one specific argument in comparison to a rival one.
(4) Communication skills:
The students will be able to correctly name and express the main theoretical positions one can assume in the most important debates animating philosophy of science and philosophy of biology; to build up arguments in favour and against the rival positions; to engage into an argumentative challenge with one or more than one interlocutors; to correctly evaluate their own and others’ argumentative performances.
(5) Learning skills:
The class is aimed at letting the students have the skills for developing over time higher-level knowledge in current epistemological debates over biology and science in general, on one side, and in critical thought on the other side.