1. Stand description. Silvicultural system and treatment. Stand composition. Stand density. Crown percent. Stand form. Stand origin. Stand location.
2. Cubature of logs and other forest products. Introduction: stem shape (solids of revolution: cylinder, paraboloid, cone and neiloid). Types of timber/ forest product sales. Woody assortments and other products. Timber volume determination: Huber’s formula, Smalian’s formula, Cavalieri’s formula. Other formulas (Heyer, Simpson). Staked wood. Weight measure. Change of units. Sawn timber volume determination.
3. Introduction to stand volume estimation. Introduction. The general formula for stand volume estimation . Stand basal area; diameter mensuration and instruments, stand basal area calculation, diameter of mean basal area calculation . Height: measurement instruments and techniques, height-diameter curves, mean height, dominant height. Form factors and their determination . Parameters related to form factor.
4. Methods for stand volume estimation. Introduction to stand volume estimation . Synthetic methods. Analytical methods (volume tables): one way table, two way table, multi-way tables. Stand table. Analytical methods (direct): Hossfeld, Draudt, Urich, Hartig. Review of the main methods for volume estimation and conclusions. Forest mensuration in cork oak stands: cork estimation.
5. Forest sampling techniques for other purposes.
6. Introduction to forest sampling. Descriptive statistics: frequence distribution, mean, standard deviation. Inferential statistics: regression analysis. Forest sampling: sampling intensity, sampling design.