Introductory aspects and basic principles - 4 hours
Introduction to the course - Specialized vineyard tractors - Overall dimensions - Hydraulic Transmissions-hydraulic assistance - Grip and stability - Driver's seat - Steering system- Tracked features work - Multifunction machines - Equipment - Drive shaft - Features safety of the tractors for vineyards.
Machinery for planting - 6 hours
Land development - brushcutters - the cutting - windrower - harvesting machines of the stones - stone-crushing mills- leveling - trenchers - drainage - Safety of machinery for tillage.
Machinery for working the vineyard - 4 hours
The plow farmers - mulching machines - machines pile drivers - wooden poles - concrete poles - steel piles - machinery for the preparation of the wires in the vineyard - under runners - hoer - ridgers - control machines for permanent grass.
Machines for fertilization and for the distribution of the pesticides and insecticides - 8 hours
Types and characteristics of the fertilizer spreader - dusters - sprayers - the building blocks of sprayers - centrifugal pumps - pumps - control systems - mechanical and pneumatic spraying - electrostatic charge - transport systems of the drops - of the fans-volume spraying - the TRV method (Tree Row Volume) - calculation of the dose per hectare - certification and functional.
Machines for pruning and canopy management - 5 hours
Purposes of pruning - Mechanization of pruning - facilitated pruning - Pneumatic Scissors - hydraulic Scissors - hydropneumatic Scissors - Electric Scissors - electronic Scissors - mechanical Pruning - Cut organs - rotary discs - cutterbar - Types of pruners.
Machines for mechanical harvesting - 6 hours
horizontal shaking - self-propelled and towed models - group group-shaker-off - transport group - group of product discharge - cleaning unit - height adjustment collection - Set the shakers - vertical shaking harvesters - harvesting with vibrators comb for pergolas and awnings - considerations on the use of grape - preliminary preparation of the vineyard-access roads-mechanical harvest and work organization - cost-effectiveness of mechanization - criteria for choosing between harvesting self-propelled and trailed machines - considerations on the limits to the spread of grape in Italy and review of the machines on the market.
Precision Farming applied to viticulture - 5 hours
Precision Agriculture applied to Viticulture: satellite positioning systems, system with GPS; treatments with the use of satellite positioning systems; harvests mechanical and theoretical basis for the construction of maps of production.