The student will be assessed by a written test examination or (possibly) oral
Students are introduced to the concept of global change early in the unit to facilitate a more complete understanding of global warming, which is touched on throughout. Global change also involves discussion of the effects of invasive species, such as introduced diseases, predators, and herbivores. These areas are where ecology is headed in the future
Species Interactions shows how populations of species interact with each other; top-down and bottom-up conceptual models help assess the relative importance of these interactions. Island biogeography theory as a way of understanding community structure. Community Ecology as an influence on the design of nature reserves. Conservation Biology and Biodiversity, which are vitally important in helping, preserve the world's biodiversity. Modern treatment of the effects of lost genetic diversity in Conservation Biology and Biodiversity, including the effects of inbreeding, genetic drift, and effective population size. This modern treatment of general genomic theme and underscores the importance of genetics.
Ecologia Robert J. Brooker, Eric P. Widmaier, Linda E. Graham, Peter D. Stiling - McGraw Hill ed pg 198
Ecologia Individui, popolazioni, comunità BEGON Michael, HARPER John L , TOWNSEND Colin R - Zanichelli ed.
Tests functionality of ecosystems with particular reference to the water (individuals, populations and communities with their spatial variations, temporal and quality classification