Animal evolution and systematics. Cladistics: principles of phylogenetics. Evolution of Chordata and primitive forms. Description of the different classes of Vertebrates: Jawless fishes, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Mammals and Birds. Main adaptations, phylogenetic relationships and main orders. Sardinian endemisms.
Lab activities on: molecular phylogenetics and genetic determination of species/sex/individual. Practices on building phylogenetic trees, taxonomic assessment and morphometry.