The experimental method. Measurement units and dimensions of physical quantities. Kinematics. Mechanics. Newton's laws, momentum, angular momentum, energy and work. Conservative and non-conservative forces. Conservation laws. Oscillations and waves. Fluid and gas: pressure, Stevin's law, Archimede's Force, Bernoulli's law. Ideal gas, kinetic theory of gases. Thermodynamics: thermal equilibrium, heat and energy, heat capacity, I and II law of thermodynamics, entropy. Basic Optics. Basic electromagnetic phenomena.The water
Buffers, buffer systems of the blood
The amino acids and the peptide bond
The proteins and their various functions
Hemoglobin and oxygen transport
Bioenergetics and oxidative phosphorylation
Structure and metabolism of carbohydrates
Structure and lipid metabolism
Communication between cells and signal transduction
Metabolic effects of insulin and glucagon
Cycle Nutrition / fasting
Diabetes mellitus and obesity 1. The Kingdoms of Life. Introduction to the classification of living organisms.
2. Biological macromolecules: lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.
3. The cellular theory: Structure and function of procaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Structural and functional differences. Viruses.
4. The flow of biological information: Concept of gene. DNA replication; transcription and productionf of RNAs; translation and post-translational modification of proteins; Introduction to the mechanisms of regulation of gene expression.
5. Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis.
6. The evolution of living organisms: introduction to the darwinian concept of evolution and natural selection. 1. DATA MANAGEMENT
Experimental and observational studies. Study design. Variables. Frequency distribution. Tables and graphs.
2. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
Central tendency and variability indicators.
3. SAMPLING AND INFERENCE
Populations and samples. Sampling procedures. Hypothesis tests.