Mass spectrometry. Principles and outlines of instrumentation. Ionisation by electron impact and chemical ionisation. Mass analysers. Interpretation of EI mass spectra. Modes of fragmentation. Fragmentation of common functional groups. Infrared spectroscopy. Harmonic and anharmonic oscillators. Selection rules for vibrational transitions. Group frequencies and analysis by IR. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Introduction and theory. Chemical shift and spin-spin coupling. Proton on heteroatoms. Chemical and magnetic equivalence. Virtual coupling, chirality and spin decoupling. NOE effect. Carbon-13 NMR spectra. Introduction, theory and interpretation of spectra.DEPT and correlation NMR spectrometry. NMR spectra simulation.