main differences between plants and animals : autotrophy and heterotrophic; plants taxonomic categories. Plant cytology and histology. The prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. Structure of the plant cell: cell wall, plastids, vacuoles, mode of cell division. Histology of plant tissues: meristematic, tegumental, medullary, mechanic, conductor. Morphology and anatomy of plants. The root, the stem and the leaf: anatomy, morphology and physiology. Primary and secondary structures. Organization and evolution of the vascular bundle. Introduction to plant physiology. The uptake and transport in plants. Reproduction in different taxonomic groups: Morphology of the reproductive structures, flower, fruit, seed. Floral biology. Dispersion of seeds. Biological cycles of some plant groups. Systematic Botany. The diversity in the plant world: systems of classification and taxonomic categories. The genus, family, order and class. The major groups of plants. Main information on bacteria, algae, fungi, bryophytes and lichens. Vascular plants: pteridophytes, gymnosperms, angiosperms: Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons. Diagnostic characters of the major families of the angiosperms: Fagaceae, Oleaceae, Vitaceae, Fabaceae, Brassicaceae, Rosaceae, Asteraceae, Solanaceae, Liliaceae, Poaceae. Biological forms and biological spectrum. Areal and chorology types.