Clinical cases of large animals:
Locomot app (lameness at anterior and post limbs, contract muscular flexus phalans, fract I falan, break legam sesam dist, fract large sesam, podoflemm, cron, deviaz ang carpus, dorsal osteoperiostitis metacarpus, fract pyramid eminence, fract hoof , osteoperiost III metacarp, tenor flexor phalans, laceraz tend extens anter phalans and estens metacarpus, disloc dorsal patella, ectasia interfalan joint, metacarpal fract, tibia fract).
Digestive app (sialolithiasis, parotid duct, colic for intest obstruct).
Respir app (nasal stenosis, progressive ethmoid hematoma, laryng hemiplegia, pneumothorax).
Other app (upper lip paresis, radial nerve paresis, scrotal hernia, umbilic hernia, rectal prolapse, rectovaginal laceration, cutaneous fibrosarcoma, sores of various origins and sites).
Small animal clinical cases:
Locomot app (lameness at anterior and post limbs, hip dysplasia, rupt Achille’s tend, anterior cruciate leg rupture, patella luxation, tarsal-metatarsal dislocation, osteosarcoma humerus, coxo-femoral luxation, abnormal radio-ulna growth, fracture of femour, of tibia, of humerus, of radius-ulna, legam-carpal laxity, femoral trochlea flattening, aseptic femoral head necrosis, mandibular fracture, cleft palate).
Digestive app (sublingual gland ectasia, intestinal intussusception, gastric torsion dilatation, megaesophagus).
Respiratory app (pneumothorax, trachea rupture, diaphragm rupture, flail chest, secondary lung neoplasia, laryngeal obstruction, brachycephalic syndrome).
Urinary app (penile urethral prolapse, urolithiasis, hydronephrosis).
Other app (surgical splenopathy, perineal hernia, rectal prolapse, inguinal hernia, ascites, bite wounds, ulcers and sores, eye diseases).
Patient containment in various species of domestic animals. Principles of asepsis and antisepsis. Preparation of surgical instruments. Patient preparation and operative field. Definitions and principles of dieresis, exeresis, hemostasis. Catheterisms and drainages. Access to the chest and abdomen. Soft tissue synthesis media. Interrupted and continuous sutures. Main interventions for the digestive, respiratory and urinary systems. Management of wounds, sores and ulcers. Amputations. Hernie. Treatment of fractures of long bones, means of synthesis and their possibility of use. Principles of cancer surgery.
Terminology. Preanesthesia visit. Premedication: phenothiazines, alpha 2 agonists, benzodiazepines, opioids, butyrophenones, atropine. Induction: thiopental, propofol, dissociative anesthetics, alfaxalone. Intubation: laryngoscope and endotracheal tubes, laryngeal mask, errors and complications, species differences.
General anesthesia maintenance: inhalational anesthetics (isofluorane, sevofluorane, desfluorane), totally intravenous anesthesia (TIVA), partially intravenous anesthesia (PIVA). Neuromusc blockin agents.
Anesthesia monitoring: clinical monitoring, electrocardiography, pulse oximetry, blood pressure, capnography, temperature. Complications and their management, vasoactive amines. Hydroelectrolyte balance, infusion therapy and outline of blood gas analysis. Anesthesia equipment: gas supply systems, operating room safety, evacuation circuits, anesthesia devices, vaporizers, breathing circuits, infusion pump.
Acute, chronic and neuropathic pain. Pain therapy.
Anesthesia and loco-reg analgesia (lidocaine, mepivacaine, bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, ropivacaine). Anesthesia in the dog, cat, horse, farm animals, wild and unconventional.