Knowledge of the natural sciences, both biological disciplines (i.e., general ecology, botany and zoology) and non-biological (eg, geology and geography) and basic (i.e., Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics).
The course aims to provide the student with knowledge of the advanced elements of ecosystem ecology and applications for the management of natural ecosystems.
At the end of the course, the student will have specific knowledge for understanding of the structure and functioning of specific ecosystems. The student will be able to define the thresholds in relation to different human pressures uses and the options for monitoring and managing.
Introduction and roots of the concept of ecosystems ecology. Modern concept of the ecosystem. Primary structural and functional attributes. Stability. Mean environmental alterations and their effects on the ecosystems. Buffering capacity of ecosystems . Biodiversity, and health of ecosystems. Importance of interdisciplinary research in the ecosystem approach. Ecosystem-based management. methods of study, monitoring, impact evaluation, protection and restoration. Environmental protection in relation to international legislation. Discussion of examples of main marine and terrestrial ecosystems. The social and economic problems of ecosystem-based management.
Raffaelli D.G. e Frid C.L.J., 2010. Ecosystem ecology. A new synthesis. Cambridge University Press.
Jorgensen S.E. 2009. Ecosystem Ecology. Academic Press.